California Condor

Location: Sespe Condor Sanctuary

Camera Host: US Fish and Wildlife Service

Offline for Maintenance

The Kofords Ridge Condor Cam is currently offline due to a temporary outage at the cam site. We apologize for the downtime and hope to be back soon. Thank you for your patience.

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August 24, 2016

Adult Female Feeds Excited (and Large) Condor Chick

The frantic wing-begging displayed by the condor chick in this clip signaled the beginning of a long feeding by the adult female. Older chicks often begin wing-begging in areas just outside the nest cavity, and it is suggested that this conspicuous behavior may help adults hone in on the location of the nesting area. 

August 23, 2016

Chick Pops in for a Quick Close-up

Here, the California Condor chick pops in for a quick look at the camera before taking a lap around the nesting cavity and exiting out the front entrance. The cave is looking smaller and smaller as the chick continues to grow. 

August 20, 2016

Condor Chick Leaps About and Captures Sticks

Here, the large condor chick is seen leaping around the cave and "capturing" sticks. This mock-capture behavior is often seen in later stage chicks, which are often observed stabbing towards objects with their feet and whirling around to capture things with their beaks. 

August 24, 2016

Adult Female Feeds Excited (and Large) Condor Chick

The frantic wing-begging displayed by the condor chick in this clip signaled the beginning of a long feeding by the adult female. Older chicks often begin wing-begging in areas just outside the nest cavity, and it is suggested that this conspicuous behavior may help adults hone in on the location of the nesting area. 

August 23, 2016

Chick Pops in for a Quick Close-up

Here, the California Condor chick pops in for a quick look at the camera before taking a lap around the nesting cavity and exiting out the front entrance. The cave is looking smaller and smaller as the chick continues to grow. 

August 20, 2016

Condor Chick Leaps About and Captures Sticks

Here, the large condor chick is seen leaping around the cave and "capturing" sticks. This mock-capture behavior is often seen in later stage chicks, which are often observed stabbing towards objects with their feet and whirling around to capture things with their beaks. 

August 04

Successful Nest Entry and Camera Lens Cleaning

USFWS biologists have completed their routine 4 month checkup of the condor chick this morning. They successfully tagged the wily chick as # 15. Every California Condor in the Southern California flock is assigned a number on a handmade wing tag that is fixed with a sewn-in radio transmitter, which allows biologists to identify and manage these endangered individuals. In addition to the checkup, the camera has been given a much needed cleaning. Enjoy the clear view! 

July 01

Acrobatic Activities by the Condor Chick

During periods when adults are absent, chicks mainly divide their time among spells of sitting alert, preening their feathers, and sleeping. Older chicks also spend lesser amounts of time picking up, manipulating, and sometimes ingesting objects such as sticks, feathers, stones, bones, and leaves. They also exhibit mock prey-capture behavior with their feet, stabbing out to clamp objects to the substrate without gripping them. The presence of this behavior in chicks, but not adults, suggests that the ancestors of condors may have had at least partially predatory habits. 

April 04

Chick hatches

9:30 PST chick rolls completely out off egg with mom's help! 

California Condor

Cliff

Nest Placement

Condors nest mainly in natural cavities or caves in cliffs, though they sometimes also use trees, such as coast redwood and, historically, the giant sequoia. (As the wild population grows, there is the possibility they may return to the sequoia groves in the Sierra Nevada.) Condors have multiple nesting sites and may switch sites between years. Females make the final decision on which nest location to use.

Nest Description

Condors lay their eggs directly on the dirt floor of a cliff ledge or cave, or they construct loose piles of debris from whatever is available at the nest site, such as gravel, leaves, bark, and bones. Nests have loosely defined boundaries and are usually about 3 feet across and up to 8 inches deep.

Clutch Size

1-0 eggs

Incubation Period

53-60 days

Nestling Period

163-180 days

Egg Description

Pale blue-green bleaching to white or creamy.

Condition at Hatching

Helpless, covered in white down with eyes open.

Carrion

Food

California Condors eat carrion of land and marine mammals such as deer, cattle, pigs, rabbits, sea lions, and whales. They swallow bone chips and marine shells to meet their calcium needs. They favor small to medium-sized carcasses, probably because smaller bones are easily consumed and digested. Condors locate carcasses with their keen eyesight (not by smell) by observing other scavengers assembled at a carcass. Once they land they take over the carcass from smaller species, but they are tolerant of each other and usually feed in groups. Condors are wary of humans while feeding, which is probably why they do not use roadkill as a food source. In captivity, condors consume 5–7 percent of their body mass per day to maintain their weight, but because their crop (an enlarged part of the esophagus) can hold 3 pounds of food, they may only have to eat every 2–3 days. Young are fed by regurgitation.

Typical Voice

Condors are usually silent, but can issue a variety of hisses and snorts particularly when defending nest sites. Newborn chicks hiss, wheeze, and grunt at adults.more sounds

See full Species Info at All About Birds

About the Nest

This condor nest, known as the Koford’s Ridge nest, is located in the Sespe Condor Sanctuary, Los Padres National Forest, near Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge. The parents of the Koford’s Ridge chick are female #111 and male #509. Condor #111 is 21-years old and hatched at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in 1994. Previously paired with #100 and #125, she has been a breeder since 2001. Male #509 is a 6-year old wild-fledged condor and the offspring of Hopper Canyon’s most famous pair – #161 and #107. Condors #111 and #509 were observed courting in fall 2014 and this is their second chick together.

This year, they are incubating an egg that was produced as part of the California Condor Recovery Program’s captive breeding effort at Los Angeles Zoo. The pair’s own egg disappeared in March, possibly taken by a predator. Biologists put a dummy egg in the nest so that the parents would continue to incubate. On April 3, the captive-bred egg was placed into the nest, and it hatched the following day.

About the Condor Recovery Project

California Condors are critically endangered; they are on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists species most in danger of extinction without significant conservation action. They are also listed as Endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and as Critically Endangered by the IUCN. All of the more than 400 condors now alive are descended from 27 birds that were brought into captivity in the early 1980s, in a controversial but successful captive breeding program.

As of 2014, there were more than 230 individuals in the wild in California, Arizona, and Baja California. The number has been rising steadily each year, as captive-bred birds are released and wild pairs fledge young from their own nests. More than 160 additional condors live in captivity at breeding programs or on exhibit at the Los Angeles Zoo, Oregon Zoo, World Center for Birds of Prey, Phoenix Zoo, Chapultepec Zoo, San Diego Zoo Safari Park, and San Diego Zoo. Condors have benefited greatly from the Endangered Species Act and from aggressive efforts to breed them in captivity and re-release them into the wild, but the survival of the species is still dependent on human intervention.

The California Condor Recovery Program (Recovery Program) is a multi-entity effort, led by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, to recover the endangered California Condor. Partners in condor recovery include the U.S. Forest Service, National Park Service, Bureau of Land Management, Arizona Game and Fish Department, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Utah Department of Fish and Wildlife, the federal government of Mexico, Los Angeles Zoo, Oregon Zoo, Santa Barbara Zoo, Chapultepec Zoo, San Diego Zoo, Oakland Zoo, The Peregrine Fund, Ventana Wildlife Society, Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology, Yurok Tribe, and a host of other governmental and nongovernmental organizations.

The Recovery Program is now in the final phase of recovery, focusing on the creation of self-sustaining populations. The Program is placing increased emphasis on the captive-breeding and reintroduction of California Condors to the wild and the management of that wild population. These efforts combine trying to reduce the threat of lead with actively managing nesting in the wild to increase the number of wild-fledged chicks.

The goal of the California Condor Recovery Plan is to establish two geographically distinct self-sustaining populations, each with 150 birds in the wild and at least 15 breeding pairs, with a third population of condors retained in captivity. As the Recovery Program works toward this goal, the number of release sites has grown. There are three active release sites in California, one in Arizona, and one in Baja California, Mexico.

Acknowledgements

The effort to create a livestreaming cam on a wild condor nest could not have happened without the effort, funding, and expertise of a wide consortium of collaborators.