California Condor

Location: Sespe Condor Sanctuary

Camera Host: US Fish and Wildlife Service

Find more about Weather in Fillmore, CA

May 17, 2016

Condor Chick Hops & Flaps

The chick is getting more active as it grows! 

May 13, 2016

Chick Hops, Interacts with Feather

Condor nestlings spend the bulk of their time alone in the nest cavity, and their inquisitive nature can lead to interesting and humorous activities that start to give a glimpse of both the personality of this individual and the physical tools s/he will use while traversing the world as an adult. For now, hopping and interacting with a feather are high on the list! 

April 26, 2016

Chick Explores Nest

The California Condor chick spends a few minutes exploring the nest, pecking at the sandy floor and picking up feathers. Enjoy this cute video!  

May 17, 2016

Condor Chick Hops & Flaps

The chick is getting more active as it grows! 

May 13, 2016

Chick Hops, Interacts with Feather

Condor nestlings spend the bulk of their time alone in the nest cavity, and their inquisitive nature can lead to interesting and humorous activities that start to give a glimpse of both the personality of this individual and the physical tools s/he will use while traversing the world as an adult. For now, hopping and interacting with a feather are high on the list! 

April 26, 2016

Chick Explores Nest

The California Condor chick spends a few minutes exploring the nest, pecking at the sandy floor and picking up feathers. Enjoy this cute video!  

April 04

Chick hatches

9:30 PST chick rolls completely out off egg with mom's help! 

February 23

Lead Poisoning Determined to be the Cause of Death for Last Year's Nestling

Some humbling news that lead poisoning was the cause of death for last year's nestling on the Kofords Ridge California Condor Cam. Despite the incredible efforts of the last 30+ years, there are still challenges to the ongoing conservation of the condors. Lead poisoning is a leading cause of mortality now, almost entirely from lead ammunition fragments scavenged from the carrion that these amazing birds specialize in eating. Hunting as well as depredation of wildlife and livestock provide an important food source for condors and other scavengers. The use of non-lead ammunition maintains the importance of hunting and shooting as a traditional and important conservation tool, while eliminating unnecessary impacts to scavengers. For more information about switching to non-lead ammunition please visit: http://www.huntingwithnonlead.org/ We're working on getting another Condor Cam up and running for you to learn more about these magnificent birds —stay tuned for more info and sign up for our eNews to be notified when it goes live at http://bit.ly/birdcams-enews 

California Condor

Cliff

Nest Placement

Condors nest mainly in natural cavities or caves in cliffs, though they sometimes also use trees, such as coast redwood and, historically, the giant sequoia. (As the wild population grows, there is the possibility they may return to the sequoia groves in the Sierra Nevada.) Condors have multiple nesting sites and may switch sites between years. Females make the final decision on which nest location to use.

Nest Description

Condors lay their eggs directly on the dirt floor of a cliff ledge or cave, or they construct loose piles of debris from whatever is available at the nest site, such as gravel, leaves, bark, and bones. Nests have loosely defined boundaries and are usually about 3 feet across and up to 8 inches deep.

Clutch Size

1-0 eggs

Incubation Period

53-60 days

Nestling Period

163-180 days

Egg Description

Pale blue-green bleaching to white or creamy.

Condition at Hatching

Helpless, covered in white down with eyes open.

Carrion

Food

California Condors eat carrion of land and marine mammals such as deer, cattle, pigs, rabbits, sea lions, and whales. They swallow bone chips and marine shells to meet their calcium needs. They favor small to medium-sized carcasses, probably because smaller bones are easily consumed and digested. Condors locate carcasses with their keen eyesight (not by smell) by observing other scavengers assembled at a carcass. Once they land they take over the carcass from smaller species, but they are tolerant of each other and usually feed in groups. Condors are wary of humans while feeding, which is probably why they do not use roadkill as a food source. In captivity, condors consume 5–7 percent of their body mass per day to maintain their weight, but because their crop (an enlarged part of the esophagus) can hold 3 pounds of food, they may only have to eat every 2–3 days. Young are fed by regurgitation.

Typical Voice

Condors are usually silent, but can issue a variety of hisses and snorts particularly when defending nest sites. Newborn chicks hiss, wheeze, and grunt at adults.more sounds

See full Species Info at All About Birds

About the Nest

This condor nest, known as the Koford’s Ridge nest, is located in the Sespe Condor Sanctuary, Los Padres National Forest, near Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge. The parents of the Koford’s Ridge chick are female #111 and male #509. Condor #111 is 21-years old and hatched at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in 1994. Previously paired with #100 and #125, she has been a breeder since 2001. Male #509 is a 6-year old wild-fledged condor and the offspring of Hopper Canyon’s most famous pair – #161 and #107. Condors #111 and #509 were observed courting in fall 2014 and this is their second chick together.

This year, they are incubating an egg that was produced as part of the California Condor Recovery Program’s captive breeding effort at Los Angeles Zoo. The pair’s own egg disappeared in March, possibly taken by a predator. Biologists put a dummy egg in the nest so that the parents would continue to incubate. On April 3, the captive-bred egg was placed into the nest, and it hatched the following day.

About the Condor Recovery Project

California Condors are critically endangered; they are on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists species most in danger of extinction without significant conservation action. They are also listed as Endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and as Critically Endangered by the IUCN. All of the more than 400 condors now alive are descended from 27 birds that were brought into captivity in the early 1980s, in a controversial but successful captive breeding program.

As of 2014, there were more than 230 individuals in the wild in California, Arizona, and Baja California. The number has been rising steadily each year, as captive-bred birds are released and wild pairs fledge young from their own nests. More than 160 additional condors live in captivity at breeding programs or on exhibit at the Los Angeles Zoo, Oregon Zoo, World Center for Birds of Prey, Phoenix Zoo, Chapultepec Zoo, San Diego Zoo Safari Park, and San Diego Zoo. Condors have benefited greatly from the Endangered Species Act and from aggressive efforts to breed them in captivity and re-release them into the wild, but the survival of the species is still dependent on human intervention.

The California Condor Recovery Program (Recovery Program) is a multi-entity effort, led by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, to recover the endangered California Condor. Partners in condor recovery include the U.S. Forest Service, National Park Service, Bureau of Land Management, Arizona Game and Fish Department, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Utah Department of Fish and Wildlife, the federal government of Mexico, Los Angeles Zoo, Oregon Zoo, Santa Barbara Zoo, Chapultepec Zoo, San Diego Zoo, Oakland Zoo, The Peregrine Fund, Ventana Wildlife Society, Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology, Yurok Tribe, and a host of other governmental and nongovernmental organizations.

The Recovery Program is now in the final phase of recovery, focusing on the creation of self-sustaining populations. The Program is placing increased emphasis on the captive-breeding and reintroduction of California Condors to the wild and the management of that wild population. These efforts combine trying to reduce the threat of lead with actively managing nesting in the wild to increase the number of wild-fledged chicks.

The goal of the California Condor Recovery Plan is to establish two geographically distinct self-sustaining populations, each with 150 birds in the wild and at least 15 breeding pairs, with a third population of condors retained in captivity. As the Recovery Program works toward this goal, the number of release sites has grown. There are three active release sites in California, one in Arizona, and one in Baja California, Mexico.

Acknowledgements

The effort to create a livestreaming cam on a wild condor nest could not have happened without the effort, funding, and expertise of a wide consortium of collaborators.